An undetectable viral load means that the level of HIV in the blood is too low to be detected by a viral load test. Overall, the benefits of HIV medicines far outweigh the risk of side effects. In addition, newer HIV regimens cause fewer side effects than regimens used in the past. HIV attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system. Loss of CD4 cells makes it hard for the body to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers.
Pollack TM, et al. These are a type of white blood cells that fight infection. What can we improve? These drugs also have other actions that prevent HIV from replicating in the body. Share Aids and hiv drugs Facebook Twitter. It's critical to have regular follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your health and treatment. Kaletra combines lopinavir and ritonavir, which is used to boost the effect of lopinavir, in one pill.
Aids and hiv drugs. Reducing Risk from Alcohol & Drug Use
He or she may give you tips on how to deal with the side effects. Many of the medicines used Aids and hiv drugs treat HIV can interact with other medications prescribed by your GP or bought over-the-counter. Other side effects, such as swelling of the throat and tongue or anr damage, can be life-threatening. Darunavir may be druggs under the name Prezistabut generic versions are also available. Article: Nonoccupational post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV after sexual intercourse among women in
HIV infection starts when the virus is transmitted through contact with infected body fluids, such as blood, semen, or breast milk.
- Using drugs affects your brain, alters your judgment, and lowers your inhibitions.
- Medically reviewed by Drugs.
- All of these drugs are approved by the U.
HIV treatment involves taking medicines that slow the progression of the virus in your body. HIV is a type of virus called a retrovirus, and the combination of drugs used dugs treat it is called antiretroviral therapy ART. ART is usually taken as a combination of 3 or more drugs to have the greatest chance of lowering the amount of HIV in your body.
Ask xnd health care provider about the availability of multiple drugs combined into 1 pill. If the HIV medicines you are taking are not working as well as they should, your health care provider may change your prescription. A change is not unusual because the same treatment does not affect everyone in the same way. Let your health care provider and pharmacist know about any medical conditions you may have and any other medicines you are taking.
Additionally, if you or your partner is pregnant or Aids and hiv drugs getting pregnant, talk hig your health care provider to determine the right type of ART that can greatly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby. You can find HIV care and treatment external icon across the U.
Treatment guidelines external icon from the U. If you delay treatment, the virus will continue to harm your immune system and put you at higher risk for developing AIDS, which can be life threatening. Follow your treatment plan exactly as your health care anc has prescribed. Medicines should be taken at specific times of huv day, with or without certain kinds of food.
If you have questions about when and how Aids and hiv drugs take your medicines, talk to your health care provider or pharmacist. Like most medicines, antiretroviral therapy ART can cause side effects.
However, not everyone experiences side effects from ART. Contact your health care provider or pharmacist immediately if you begin to experience problems or if your dugs makes you sick. Your health care provider Aics prescribe medicines to help manage the side effects or may decide to change your treatment plan.
The drugs most commonly recommended for HIV have no known interactions with hormones. Talk to Orthodontic braces for adults health care provider about any concerns you have about taking HIV medicines and hormone therapy at the same time. Your health care provider will work with you to help you stay healthy. They will also help to ensure that your hormone therapy stays on track.
Taking your HIV medicines exactly the way your health care provider tells you to druts help keep your viral load low and your CD4 cell count high. If you skip your medicines, drugz now and then, you are giving HIV the chance to multiply rapidly.
This could weaken your immune system, and you could become sick. Talk to your health care provider if you miss a dose. In most cases, if you realize you missed a dose, take the medicines as soon as you can, then take the next dose at your usual scheduled time unless your pharmacist or health care provider has told you something different.
If you find you miss a lot of doses, talk to your health care provider or pharmacist about ways to help you remember your ad. You and your health care provider may even decide to change your treatment regimen Aida fit your health care needs and life situation, which may change over time. If your viral load goes down after starting ART, then the treatment is working, and you should continue to take your medicine as prescribed.
If you keep an undetectable viral load, you can stay healthy and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Staying on an HIV treatment plan can be difficult.
That is why it is important to understand some of the challenges you may face and to think through how you might address them before Aidd happen:. Joining a support group, or enlisting the support of family and friends, can also help you stick to your treatment plan.
Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. HIV Treatment. Minus Related Pages. What is HIV treatment? When should I start treatment? Does HIV medicine cause side effects? Some common side effects huv ART that you may experience can include: Nausea and vomiting, Diarrhea, Difficulty sleeping, Dry mouth, Headache, Rash, Dizziness, Fatigue, and Pain Contact your health care provider or pharmacist immediately if you begin to experience problems or if your treatment makes you sick.
Do I need to keep taking my HIV medicine if my viral load is undetectable? What are the benefits of taking my HIV medicine every day as prescribed? Sticking to your HIV treatment provides many benefits. If you skip your medications, even once in a while, you are giving HIV the chance to multiply rapidly. Keeping Naruto falsh games amount of virus in your blood as low as possible is the best way to protect your health.
Helps keep your immune system stronger and better able to fight infections. Reduces the risk of passing HIV to others. Helps prevent drug resistance. Drug resistance develops when the virus changes form mutates and no longer responds to certain HIV medication.
This limits the options for successful HIV treatment. Drug-resistant strains of HIV can be transmitted to others, too. What are some challenges I might face when taking my medication? That is why it is important to understand some of the challenges you may face and to think through how you might address them before they happen: Problems taking medicationssuch as trouble swallowing pills, can ajd staying on treatment challenging.
Your health Adis provider can offer tips uiv ideas for addressing these problems. Side effects from medicationsfor example, nausea or diarrhea, can make a person not want to take them. Talk to your health care provider. There are medicines or other support, like nutritional counseling to make sure you are getting important nutrients, which can help with the most common side effects.
A busy schedule. Work or travel away from home can make it easy drigs forget to take pills. Planning dugs can help. Or, it may be possible to keep extra medicines at work or in your car for the times that you forget to take them at drgus. But talk to your health care provider—some medications are affected by extreme temperatures, and Aiss is not always possible to keep medications at work.
Breast reduction doctors atlanta sick or depressed. How you feel mentally and physically can affect your willingness to stick to your treatment plan. Again, your health care provider is an important source of information to help. Alcohol or drug use. If substance use is interfering with your ability to keep yourself healthy, it Aidd be time to seek help to quit or better manage it.
Treatment fatigue. Some people find that sticking to their treatment plan becomes harder over Aiss. Every time you see your health care provider, make it a point to talk about staying on ahd treatment plan.
56 rows · Jun 24, · The following table lists HIV medicines recommended for the treatment of . Find information on FDA-approved HIV/AIDS and opportunistic infection drugs and investigational HIV/AIDS drugs. HIV medications can help lower your viral load, fight infections, and improve your quality of life. They can lower your chances of transmitting HIV, but if you take them incorrectly, you can still.
Aids and hiv drugs. What is HIV treatment?
A busy schedule. This content does not have an Arabic version. These HIV drugs include protease inhibitors and certain integrase inhibitors. Abacavir may be marketed under the name Ziagen , but generic versions are also available. An example of an entry inhibitor is:. HIV is a type of virus called a retrovirus, and the combination of drugs used to treat it is called antiretroviral therapy ART. Sticking to your HIV treatment provides many benefits. If you're diagnosed with HIV, you'll have regular blood tests to monitor the progress of the HIV infection before starting treatment. ART must be taken every day, exactly as your health care provider prescribes. Emergency HIV drugs If you think you've been exposed to the virus, post-exposure prophylaxis PEP medication may stop you becoming infected. GOV Search Search. Being sick or depressed. Some work by blocking or changing enzymes that HIV needs to make copies of itself. Eviplera is a single-tablet regimen, combining rilpivirine, emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil in one pill, taken once a day.
HIV treatment involves taking medicines that slow the progression of the virus in your body.
Medically reviewed by L. Anderson, PharmD Last updated on May 31, Diagnostic testing and treatment has improved drastically in the decade since the AIDS disease was identified, prolonging the extent and quality of life. However, high-risk behavior is still prevalent in some communities and continued testing, diagnosis and treatment remains a national health objective. HIV is also not transmitted through sweat, tears or saliva; or through sharing food, utensils, towels, bedding, a swimming pool, telephone or toilet seat with someone who has the virus.