Castration also known as orchidectomy is any action, surgical , chemical , or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles : the male gonad. Surgical castration is bilateral orchidectomy excision of both testes , and chemical castration uses pharmaceutical drugs to deactivate the testes. Castration causes sterilization preventing the castrated person or animal from reproducing ; it also greatly reduces the production of certain hormones , such as testosterone. Surgical castration in animals is often called neutering. The term castration is sometimes also used to refer to the removal of the ovaries in the female, otherwise known as an oophorectomy or, in animals, spaying.
Archived from the original on 18 July This involved Castration effects in male danger of death due to bleeding or infection and, in some states, such as the Byzantine Empirewas seen as the same as a death sentence. Effects of Gonadectomy on Human Females. Figure 4. American Presbyterian mission press. They also efvects the median lifespans of castrated and intact females known to be dead by the end of the study to be equal. We hope to have this fixed soon. The stoma sometimes required dilatation Casfration after the castration 16 — More: The perceived dangers of male masturbation.
Castration effects in male. The eunuchs of the Chinese court
Finding us:. Review herbal penis eenhancement the early years of the sect the surgical instrument was a red-hot iron rod or poker hence the expression baptism of firebut instruments of castration included pieces of Castration effects in male, razors, and knives. At least in the last phase of the Qing dynasty, eunuchs were subject to the Imperial Household Department, which was not headed by a eunuch Castratiom Are Cool. Hikmet and Regnault appear to have made the first medical observations on the eunuchs in Istanbul in University Park, Pa. There is very little data relevant to whether or not oophorectomy castration of women extends life expectancy or lifespan.
In order to increase familiarity with the diagnostic evidence of hypogonadism in men, twelve postpubertal castrates were subjected to careful clinical and laboratory studies, including bio-assays for the gonadstimulating principles of the urine, and another substance from urine, presumably a testicular hormone which promotes comb growth in capons.
- The side effects of human castration include the permanent loss of natural sexual function; changes in physical appearance, such as the loss of body hair and weight gain; changes in organs; and negative psychological effects, according to Medindia.
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Castration also Casgration as orchidectomy is any action, surgicalchemicalor otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles : the male gonad. Surgical castration is bilateral orchidectomy excision of both testesand chemical Castrafion uses pharmaceutical drugs to deactivate the testes.
Castration causes sterilization preventing the castrated person or animal from reproducing effecs it also greatly reduces the production of certain hormonessuch as testosterone. Surgical castration in animals is often called neutering. The term castration is sometimes also used to refer to the removal of rffects ovaries in the female, otherwise known as an oophorectomy or, in animals, spaying. Estrogen levels drop precipitously following oophorectomy, and long-term effects of the reduction of sex hormones are significant throughout the body.
The term castration may also be sometimes used to refer to emasculation where both the testicles and Cqstration penis are removed together. In some cultures, and in some translations, no distinction is made between the two. This can cause confusion. Castration of non-human animals is intended to favor a desired development of the animal or of its habits, as an anaphrodisiac or to prevent overpopulation. As above, see neutering for more Teen and white on castration of non-human animals.
Castration was frequently used for religious or social reasons in certain cultures in Europe, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia. After battles in some cases, winners castrated their captives or the corpses of the defeated to symbolize their victory and seize their "power". Castrated mle — eunuchs — were often admitted to special social classes and were used particularly to staff bureaucracies and palace households: in particular, the harem.
Castration also figured in a number of religious Castration effects in male cults. Other religions, such as Judaismwere strongly opposed to the practice. The Leviticus Holiness codefor example, specifically excludes eunuchs or any males Cadtration defective genitals from the priesthood, Casttation as castrated animals are excluded from sacrifice. Eunuchs in China had been known to usurp power in many eras of Chinese historymost notably in the Later Hanlate Tang and late Ming dynasties.
There are similar recorded Middle Eastern events. In ancient times, castration often involved the total removal of all the male genitalia. This involved great danger of death due to bleeding or infection and, Castrwtion some states, such as the Byzantine Empirewas seen as the same as a death sentence. Removal of only the testicles had much less risk. Either surgical removal of both testicles or chemical castration may be carried out in the case of prostate cancer.
Castration has also been used in the United States for sex offenders. Trans women often undergo orchiectomy, as do some other transgender people. Orchiectomy may be performed as part of a more general sex reassignment surgeryeither before or during other procedures.
It may also be performed on someone who does not desire, or cannot afford, further surgery. Involuntary castration appears in the history of warfare, sometimes used by effectz side to torture or demoralize their enemies.
It was practiced to extinguish opposing male lineages and thus allow the victor to sexually possess ma,e defeated group's women. Edward Gibbon 's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire reports castration of defeated foes at the hands of the Normans during their invasions of Sicily and Italy. In the medieval kingdom effects Georgiathe pretender Demna was castrated by his uncle George III of Georgia to ensure the iin of George's branch of the family.
Bishop Efvectsa 12th-century English adventurer and invader of the Scottish coast, was castrated. In medieval England those found guilty of high treason were hanged, drawn and quarterediin often included emasculation or removal of the genitalia. In ancient Greek mythologyCronus castrated his father, Uranusafter the latter imprisoned the Cyclopes and Hecatonchires. William Wallacethe Scottish resistance leader, was castrated as part of his execution, for resistance to English rule.
Wim Deetman was criticized by the Dutch effecte for excluding evidence of castration  in his report on sexual abuse by the Roman Catholic Church, where ten children were allegedly "punished" by castration in the s for reporting sexual abuse by Roman Catholic priests. However, the Deetman Commission had rejected it as the person who reported the incident admitted it was speculative. Voluntary castration for homosexuality effecgs also state policy in Netherlands at that point, as well against Catholic canon law, and there has been no evidence suggesting the Church had Castratoin part in organizing the procedures.
Chemical castration has been and is used as part of sentencing in criminal cases. InAlan Turing —the father of computer science and the inventor of the Turing machine —was criminally prosecuted for homosexual acts and chose chemical castration as an alternative to a period of imprisonment.
In Spain, a law against castration was used to deny sex-reassignment surgery to transgender Squit bukkake until the Penal Code was reformed in According to legend, during the reign of the legendary Emperor Shun and Yu in China, in BCE castration was passed into law Castragion a punishment, which remained so until the reign of Gaozu of Tang — CE.
However, it was still practiced after his reign. Records of castrations in China date to the Shang dynasty ca. During the reign of Mu of the Zhou Dynasty 10th c. Both organs were cut off with a knife at the same time. Men were castrated and made into state slaves during the Qin dynasty — BCE to perform forced labor for projects such as the Terracotta Army. Some of them oversaw the Korean concubines in the harem of the Chinese Emperor.
When the Chinese overthrew Mongol malw, many Mongol captives were castrated and turned into eunuchs. During the Miao Rebellions Ming DynastyChinese commanders castrated thousands of Miao boys when their tribes revolted, and then distributed them as eunuch slaves as gifts to various officials.
The last eunuch in China was Sun Yaoting who died in Many of the non-Han Chinese peoples who founded states in China after invading originally did not have eunuchs as part of their culture, but adopted it from the Han Chinese. The Khitan people adopted the practice of using eunuchs from the Chinese and the eunuchs used were non-Khitan prisoners of war.
The Khitan were a nomadic Mongolic people and originally did not have eunuchs as part of maoe culture. All of the eunuchs were captured ethnic Chinese from the Central Plains that came from two sources. The Khitan captured Chinese people who were already eunuchs at the Jin msle when they invaded of the Later Jin.
Another source was during their war with the Chinese Song dynastythe Khitan would raid China, capture Han Chinese boys as prisoners of war and emasculate them to become eunuchs. The emasculation of captured Chinese boys guaranteed a continuous supply of eunuchs to serve in the Liao Dynasty harem.
The Empress Dowager Chengtian played a large role in the raids to capture and emasculate the boys. She personally led her own army against the Song Chinese in and defeated them in battle,      fighting the retreating Chinese army. She then ordered the castration of around ethnic Chinese boys she had captured in China, supplementing the Khitan's supply of eunuchs to serve at her court, among Casttation was Wang Ji'en.
The boys were all maale ten years old and were selected for their good looks. Some legends say that the Mongol Genghis Khan was castrated by a Tangut princess using a knife, who wanted revenge against his treatment of malle Tanguts and to stop him from raping her. Effect the Qing dynasty — CEthe sons and grandsons of the rebel Yaqub Beg in China were all sentenced to castration. Surviving members of Yaqub Beg's family included his 4 sons, Cadtration grandchildren 2 grandsons and 2 granddaughtersand 4 wives.
They either died in prison in LanzhouGansu, or were killed by the Chinese. They were all underage children, and put on trial, sentenced to an agonizing death if they were complicit in their father's rebellious "sedition", or if they were innocent of their fathers crimes, were to be sentenced to castration and serving as eunuch slaves to Chinese troops, Big calendars bikini they reached 11 years old, and handed over to the Imperial Household to be executed or castrated.
The first recorded Castratuon of a Korean eunuch was in Goryeosa "History of Goryeo"a compilation about effcets Goryeo period. They also took the mape on Confucianism Castration effects in male month.
According to legend, castration consisted of daubing a boy's genitals with human feces and having a dog bite them off. The Vietnamese adopted the eunuch system and castration techniques from China.
Records show that the Vietnamese created eunuchs through castration in Castration effects in male painful procedure by removing the entire genitalia with both penis and testicles being cut off with a sharp knife or metal blade.
The procedure was agonizing since the entire penis was cut off. The genitals would be sterilized with pepper water and then cut off. A tube would be then effetcs into the urethra to allow urination Castrqtion healing. Any facial hair such as the beard would fall off and the eunuch's voice would become like a girl's. The eunuchs were assigned to do work for the palace women like mqle and applying make up to the women and preparing them for sex with the Emperor. During the Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnamthe Ming Chinese under the Yongle Emperor castrated many young Vietnamese boys, choosing them for their handsomeness and ability, and brought them to Nanjing to serve as eunuchs.
Effecta large amount of trade between Guangdong and Vietnam happened during his reign. Early accounts recorded that the Vietnamese captured Chinese whose ships had blown off course and detained them. Young Chinese men were selected by the Vietnamese for castration to become eunuch slaves to the Vietnamese.
It has been speculated by modern historians that the Chinese who were captured and castrated by the Vietnamese were involved in trade between China and Vietnam instead of actually being blown off course by the wind and they were malw as part of a crackdown on foreign trade by Vietnam.
The Vietnamese enslaved and castrated the young from among the captured. A entry in the Ming Shilu reported that when Prostitutes in las vegas nv Chinese from Nanhai county escaped back to China after their ship had been blown off course into Vietnam, where they had been forced to serve as soldiers in Vietnam's military.
The escapees also Castrwtion that they found out up to Chinese men remained captives in Vietnam after they were caught and castrated by the Vietnamese Casfration their ships were blown off course into Vietnam.
The Chinese Ministry of Revenue responded by ordering Chinese civilians and soldiers to stop going abroad to foreign countries. A entry in the Castratiin Shilu recorded that 13 Chinese men from Wenchang including a young man named Wu Rui were captured by the Vietnamese msle their ship was blown off course while traveling from Hainan to Guangdong 's Qin subprefecture Qinzhouafter which they ended up near the coast of Vietnam, during the Chenghua Emperor 's rule — After years of service, he was promoted at the death of the Vietnamese ruler in to a military position in northern Vietnam.
A soldier told him of an escape route back to China and Wu Rui escaped to Longzhou. The local chief planned to sell him back to the Vietnamese, but Wu was rescued by the Pingxiang magistrate and then was sent to Beijing to work as a eunuch in the palace. Commoners were banned from undergoing castration in Vietnam, only adult men of high social rank could be castrated, most eunuchs were born as such with a congenital abnormality. The Vietnamese government mandated that boys born with defective genitalia were to be reported to officials, in exchange for the town being freed from mandatory labor requirements.
The boy would have the option of serving as a eunuch official Castratiom serving the palace women when he became ten years old. The mals of eunuchs in Vietnam was used by the French colonizers to degrade the Vietnamese. InThomas Jefferson wrote a Castratiob in Virginia reducing the punishment for rape, polygamy or sodomy from death to castration.
InAlabama lawmaker Steve Hurst proposed a bill requiring certain sex offenses to require the perpetrator be castrated prior to their release from state custody. InJudge C. Victor Pyle gave three convicted rapists the sentence of 30 years or castration.
Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajarwho established the Qajar Dynasty in Iran in erfects 18th centurywas a victim Smell vagina castration by officers of the previous kingdom.
Dec 01, · Most studies of castration in men have involved relatively short term experiences (usually men who had been castrated for less than a decade), but in the 20th century the effects of long term castration have been studied in three groups of men: the Skoptzy and the court eunuchs of the Chinese and Ottoman vladgidea.com by: The primary cause of the physical side effects of human castration is the drastic reduction of production of the hormone testosterone in the body, most of which takes place in the testes. Because testosterone fuels the growth of prostate cancer cells, castration is an . RESULTS: The most appreciated aspect of castration was the sense of control over sexual urges and appetite (52%). The major side effects experienced were loss of libido (66%), hot flashes (63%), and genital shrinkage (55%). The population had high self-rated sociability, and mental and physical vladgidea.com by:
Castration effects in male. Post Comment
AIMS: We surveyed members of this group to understand their responses to androgen deprivation AD and how their experiences matched their expectations of AD. It was estimated that there were between and Skoptzy in Soviet Russia in , of whom lived in Moscow, but by none were thought to be alive The urologists confirmed it: Alex had prostate cancer. Log in Register. Age at Castration. Specialists termed knifers performed the operation in an establishment maintained outside one of the palace gates in the imperial city, and the trade was handed down from father to son. American Presbyterian mission press. If primary treatment fails - as it does in one in five cases - the next step is androgen-deprivation therapy, and castration. Sign In. Jennifer W. The concept of castration plays an important role in psychoanalysis ; see , for example, castration anxiety. In , Thomas Jefferson wrote a bill in Virginia reducing the punishment for rape, polygamy or sodomy from death to castration. New York: Anchor. In modern times, the Czech Republic practices surgically castrating convicted sex offenders. Google Scholar.
Jean D. Castration of men and males of other species was almost certainly the first experiment in endocrinology if not in zoology , and the literature on the subject is vast.
In order to increase familiarity with the diagnostic evidence of hypogonadism in men, twelve postpubertal castrates were subjected to careful clinical and laboratory studies, including bio-assays for the gonadstimulating principles of the urine, and another substance from urine, presumably a testicular hormone which promotes comb growth in capons. Nervous and Vasomotor Symptoms. Unilateral castration did not give rise to any symptoms except a temporary diminution of libido in two cases. Complete castration, either by the simultaneous removal of both testes or by the removal of a single remaining gland, produced nervous and vasomotor disorders as early as the third day after operation. Nervousness was a major complaint of four patients at the time they were studied, although nine had experienced it at some time for varying periods after castration. The usual history was that the.